Corporate reorganization has led to an increase in business travel requirements among different Regions. In many cases, air travel continues to be unavoidable, in part because of the broad geographic dislocation of CNH Industrial sites. Emissions undoubtedly constitute the most significant environmental impact, as CO2 is an inevitable end product of fuel combustion in aircraft. Furthermore, according to the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), aircraft emit gases and particles directly into the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere where they: alter atmospheric composition, particularly of greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide (CO2), ozone (O3) and methane (CH4); trigger the formation of condensation trails; and increase cirrus cloudiness.
All of these elements modify the absorption and refraction of infrared radiation, hence contributing to the greenhouse effect2.
Since 2011, CNH Industrial has continuously monitored the CO2 emissions deriving from employees’ business travel by air to assess its impact. In 2013, the emissions resulting from the air travel of employees managed directly by Company headquarters totaled 12.8 thousand tons of CO2, a 5% increase over the previous year.
The CO2 emissions recorded in 2013 are the result of 24,583 business trips (3% more than 2012), 70% of which were medium haul3. This figure was calculated according to the Defra/GHG Protocol and certified by Atmosfair, a climate change organization with a particular focus on the environmental impact of travel.
Business transfers are rationalized, and their environmental impacts contained, through computer technology that allows employees to interact worldwide using tools such as the Internet and electronic communication systems. In 2013, audio conferencing and instant messaging services were enhanced, reaching about 32 thousand users, with an average of approx. 3,400 desktop sharing sessions and 140 thousand instant messaging sessions per day. Since 2011, CNH Industrial has also been investing in the phase-in of video conference facilities, and in 2013 it further enhanced its high-quality TelePresence videoconferencing system.
Ten specially-equipped rooms were added, reaching a total of 26 conference rooms; the facilities were used for more than 2,480 hours a month throughout the year.
Virtual tools contribute to reducing emissions and costs, while allowing employees to work from their offices rather than travel long distance.